CMS Proposes Rule on Infection Control and Inappropriate Antibiotic Use

By on 4:36 AM

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has proposed new standards revising the Conditions of Participation (CoPs) concerning infection prevention and antibiotic prescribing in hospitals and critical-access hospitals.

Under the proposed rule, hospitals and critical-access hospitals (CAHs) would be required to have and demonstrate adherence to facility-wide infection prevention and control programs, as well as antibiotic stewardship programs. It is intended to help prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), stopping spread of antibiotic-resistant germs and reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing.

The proposed rule comes only a few days after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a Health Alert Network (HAN) alert concerning the first mcr-1 gene in E. coli bacteria found in a person in the United States.

The mcr-1 gene makes bacteria resistant to the antibiotic colistin, the last-resort drug for treating patients with infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria.

CDC stated that it issued the HAN notice as a reminder about recommendations to prevent antibiotic resistant infections and alert them to additional recommendations for detecting and reporting bacteria with the mcr-1 gene.

CMS is accepting comments on the proposed rule until August 15, 2016. Submit comments electronically through the e-Regulation website here.



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